Applying the Pancharatnam-Berry (PB) principle to half-wave plate (HWP) metasurfaces allows the manipulation of wavefronts along with the conversion of the handedness of circularly polarized incident waves by simply rotating the meta-atoms that compose the metasurface. PB metasurfaces (PBM) working in transmission mode with four or more layers have been demonstrated to reach levels of transmission efficiency near 100% but also have resulted in bulky structures. On the other hand, compact tri-layer ultrathin (λ/8) designs have reached levels near 90% but are more challenging than single- or bi-layer structures from a manufacturing viewpoint. Here, we propose a compact ultrathin (<λ/13) transmissive PBM with only two layers (which significantly simplifies the fabrication process) achieving a transmission efficiency level of around 90%, focusing the wavefront of a circularly polarized incident wave and converting its handedness. The metasurface is composed of identical bi-layered H-shaped unit cells (meta-atoms) whose transmission phases are chosen by introducing different rotation angles to each unit cell according to a lens spatial phase profile. The structure is analytically and numerically studied and experimentally measured, verifying an excellent behavior as an HWP PB metalens at 87 GHz.
Предметные области OECD FOS+WOS
- 1.03 ФИЗИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ И АСТРОНОМИЯ