Towards composition of carbonatite melts in peridotitic mantle

Anton Shatskiy, Altyna Bekhtenova, Ivan V. Podborodnikov, Anton V. Arefiev, Konstantin D. Litasov

Результат исследования: Научные публикации в периодических изданияхстатьярецензирование

1 Цитирования (Scopus)


It is generally accepted that carbonatite metasomatism in the subcontinental lithospheric mantle (SCLM) inevitably causes wehrlitization of the primary lherzolite substrate. However, the K-rich carbonatite inclusions in kimberlitic diamonds containing orthopyroxene indicate that this is not always the case. In the present study, we equilibrated natural garnet lherzolite with carbonate melts containing 33–38 wt% K2O with various Ca# = 10, 20, 30, and 40 at 6 GPa and 1200–1500 °C, where Ca# = 100⋅Ca/(Ca+Mg+Fe). The original ratio of peridotite to carbonate was 58 to 42 by weight. In the studied temperature range, the melt retains essentially carbonate composition with silica content increasing from 1 to 11–12 wt%. The melt with Ca# 10 alters lherzolite to harzburgite, replacing clinopyroxene by orthopyroxene and decreasing CaO content in garnet below 4 wt%. The melts with Ca# 20-30 also consume clinopyroxene; although CaO content in garnet remains in the range of lherzolitic compositions. The melt with Ca# 40 yields wehrlitization, consuming orthopyroxene, increasing clinopyroxene fraction, and increasing CaO content in garnet above 6 wt%. After the interaction, the Ca# of the melt changes as follows 10 → 16–28, 20 → 20–33, 30 → 27–34, and 40 → 30–34. The olivine + orthopyroxene + clinopyroxene + garnet assemblage was found in equilibrium with carbonatite melt with Ca# 34 at 1200 °C and Ca# 30 at 1400 °C. Thus, K-rich (26–35 wt% K2O) carbonatite melts with Ca# = 30-34 can appear in equilibrium with garnet lherzolite, while the melts with Ca# < 30 and > 34 can be in equilibrium with harzburgite and wehrlite, respectively, at 6 GPa and 1200–1400 °C. Considering that Ca-Mg-Fe carbonates do not melt at the geothermal conditions of the SCLM, while sodic, dolomitic melt causes wehrlitization, high-Mg (Ca# < 35) K-rich dolomitic melt is the only possible carbonatite fluids that are thermodynamically stable in equilibrium with garnet harzburgites and lherzolites in the SCLM at a depth of about 200 km. At higher temperatures corresponding to the underlying asthenosphere, the high alkalinity ceases to be a requirement for the stability of the carbonate melt. Nevertheless, the regularities established here for the K-rich melts remain valid for less alkaline (4–15 wt% Na2O+K2O) primary kimberlite (i.e., mantle carbonatite) melts in the sublithospheric mantle.

Язык оригиналаанглийский
Номер статьи117395
ЖурналEarth and Planetary Science Letters
СостояниеОпубликовано - 1 мар. 2022

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