Third-order riemann pulses in optical fibers

Domenico Bongiovanni, Benjamin Wetzel, Zhili Li, Yi Hu, Stefan Wabnitz, Roberto Morandotti, Zhigang Chen

Результат исследования: Научные публикации в периодических изданияхстатьярецензирование


We introduce the concept of third-order Riemann pulses in nonlinear optical fibers. These pulses are generated when properly tailored input pulses propagate through optical fibers in the presence of higher-order dispersion and Kerr nonlinearity. The local propagation speed of these optical wave packets is governed by their local amplitude, according to a rule that remains unchanged during propagation. Analytical and numerical results exhibit a good agreement, showing controllable pulse steepening and subsequent shock wave formation. Specifically, we found that the pulse steepening dynamic is predominantly determined by the action of higher-order dispersion, while the contribution of group velocity dispersion is merely associated with a shift of the shock formation time relative to the comoving frame of the pulse evolution. Unlike standard Riemann waves, which exclusively exist within the strong self-defocusing regime of the nonlinear Schrödinger equation, such third-order Riemann pulses can be generated under both anomalous and normal dispersion conditions. In addition, we show that the third-order Riemann pulse dynamics can be judiciously controlled by a phase chirping parameter directly included in the initial chirp profile of the pulse.

Язык оригиналаанглийский
Страницы (с-по)39827-39840
Число страниц14
ЖурналOptics Express
Номер выпуска26
СостояниеОпубликовано - 21 дек. 2020


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