Most processes of the recognition and formation of specific complexes in living systems begin with collisions in solutions or quasi-solutions. Then, the thermodynamic regulation of complex formation and fine tuning of complexes come into play. Precise regulation is very important in all cellular processes, including genome editing using the CRISPR-Cas9 tool. The Cas9 endonuclease is an essential component of the CRISPR-Cas-based genome editing systems. The attainment of high-specificity and -efficiency Cas9 during targeted DNA cleavage is the main problem that limits the practical application of the CRISPR-Cas9 system. In this study, we analyzed the thermodynamics of interaction of a complex's components of Cas9-RNA/DNA through experimental and computer simulation methods. We found that there is a small energetic preference during Cas9-RNA/DNA formation from the Cas9-RNA and DNA/DNA duplex. The small difference in binding energy is relevant for biological interactions and could be part of the sequence-specific recognition of double-stranded DNA by the CRISPR-Cas9 system.
Предметные области OECD FOS+WOS
- 1.02 КОМПЬЮТЕРНЫЕ И ИНФОРМАЦИОННЫЕ НАУКИ
- 1.04 ХИМИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ
- 2.04 ХИМИЧЕСКИЕ ТЕХНОЛОГИИ
- 1.06 БИОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ