A series of composite CO2 sorbents were obtained by placing an amino acid ionic liquid (AAIL) 1-Ethyl-3-methylimidazolium glycine ([Emim][Gly]) into mesoporous silica gel using an impregnation method. The parameters of the porous structure for the silica support and composite sorbents were determined from nitrogen adsorption-desorption isotherms measured at 77 K. The morphology of the materials was studied using field-emission scanning electron microscopy. It was shown that at lower [Emim][Gly] loadings (<50 wt%), the sorption is fast and the dynamic CO2 sorption capacity of the material is proportional to the mass content of the AAIL. At higher [Emim][Gly] loadings (≥50 wt%), the rate of CO2 sorption by the AAIL decreases due to hindered mass transfer. An increase in CO2 concentration in the gas flow leads to a faster sorption and higher CO2 sorption capacity for the AAIL-containing composite. Meanwhile, the integral enthalpy of sorption decreases with increasing CO2 concentration, which can be explained by the greater contribution of physical adsorption/absorption processes to the total CO2 sorption capacity at higher CO2 concentrations. The most promising composite material (40 wt% [Emim][Gly]/SiO2) was tested in consecutive temperature-swing sorption-desorption cycles. It was demonstrated that lowering the regeneration temperature from 100 to 80 °C leads to a decrease in the dynamic sorption capacity of the material, but ensures its stability in the cyclic sorption-desorption process.
Предметные области OECD FOS+WOS
- 2.05 ТЕХНОЛОГИЯ МАТЕРИАЛОВ
- 1.03 ФИЗИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ И АСТРОНОМИЯ
- 1.04 ХИМИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ