The ways of use of multilayered graphene in engineering ecology

Victor G. Makotchenko, Eugenia V. Makotchenko, Dmitry V. Pinakov

Результат исследования: Научные публикации в периодических изданияхстатья

1 Цитирования (Scopus)

Аннотация

The applications of multilayered graphenes (MLGs), nanocomposites “MLG–decontaminant” and polydicarbonfluoride intercalation compounds for the localization and deactivation of toxic spills and gaseous emissions under technogenic accidents are investigated in this paper. The intercalation compounds contain oxidizers as intercalants, and MLGs are formed destructively by thermolysis of polydicarbonfluoride intercalation compounds. The sorptive capacity of MLGs (about 240 ml of liquid phase per 1 g of MLG) is much higher than in well-known expanded graphites (EGs) obtained from graphite oxide or graphite acid salts. Our investigation revealed the possibility of the production of the “MLG–decontaminant” nanocomposites with the neutralizator content >95% due to the extremely low (down to 0.4 g/l) apparent density of MLG and its high specific surface (about 370 m2/g). The use of these nanocomposites for the acid–base or redox neutralization of contaminants does not result in the overheating, sputtering or evaporation of liquid phases, because their neutralization products sorb into MLGs. It prevents the soil mineralization by liquid or solid deactivated spills. We revealed that polydicarbonfluoride intercalation compounds with oxidizers (ClF3, HNO3, N2O4) can be efficiently used for the deactivation of spills and gaseous emissions of nitrogen-containing base compounds.

Язык оригиналаанглийский
Страницы (с-по)2402-2411
Число страниц10
ЖурналEnvironmental Science and Pollution Research
Том24
Номер выпуска3
DOI
СостояниеОпубликовано - 1 янв 2017

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