On the basis of petroglyphic sites Kalgutinsky Rudnik (Kalgutinsky mine) on the Ukok Plateau, Baga-Oygur, and Tsagaan-Salaa in northwestern Mongolia, a distinct "Kalgutinsky " style of rock art of the Russian and Mongolian Altai is described. The distance between these sites is about 20 km. This group is marked by very specific stylistic features, common technological properties, a narrowly defined subjectfeaturing only animals, and a very intense desert varnish. All these features, together with the proximity of the sites, suggest that they should be regarded as a special group, which we term the "Kalgutinsky" style, and date to the Upper Paleolithic on the basis of several criteria. Images of mammoths at Baga-Oygur and Tsagaan-Salaa are similar to those known in the classic Upper Paleolithic cave art of Western Europe. An entire set ofstylistic features typical of the "Kalgutinsky" canon is seen also in the representations of mammoths, and this manner is consonant with that of European Upper Paleolithic rock art. Our findings suggest that a peculiar "Kalgutinsky " style existed, and moreover, that it represented a separate Central Asian locus of Upper Paleolithic rock art.
|Журнал||Archaeology, Ethnology and Anthropology of Eurasia|
|Состояние||Опубликовано - 2019|
|Опубликовано для внешнего пользования||Да|