Tyrosyl-DNA phosphodiesterase 1 (Tdp1) is a repair enzyme for 3′-end DNA lesions, predominantly stalled DNA–topoisomerase 1 (Top1) cleavage complexes. Tdp1 is a promising target for anticancer therapy based on DNA damage caused by Top1 poisoning. Earlier, we have reported about usnic acid enamine derivatives that are Tdp1 inhibitors sensitizing tumor cells to the action of Top1 poison (Zakharenko in J Nat Prod 79:2961−2967, 2016). In the present work, we showed a sensitizing effect of an enamine derivative of usnic acid (when administered intragastrically) on Lewis lung carcinoma in mice in combination with topotecan (TPT, Top1 poison used in the clinic). In the presence of the usnic acid derivative, both the volume of the primary tumor and the number of metastases significantly diminished. The absence of acute toxicity of this compound was demonstrated, as was the importance of the method of its administration for the manifestation of the sensitizing properties.
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