The ability to think creatively is closely related to mental health in old age. In experimental studies of creativity using the measure of originality of solutions to divergent problems, it is shown that the success of creative thinking is determined by the amount of knowledge and attention processes necessary to identify and provide access to executive behavior systems for the most original and acceptable information. Although the idea of intensive mental activity as a factor contributing to the maintenance of mental health in aging is generally accepted, the effect of the intellectual environment of professional activity on mental aging has not been studied. In this paper, we compare the originality of solutions in the Torrens figurative test, the intelligence (IQ), the indicators of the three attention systems (vigilance, orientation and executive) in the ANT (Attentional network test), hemispheric characteristics of the behavioral response to novelty in young and older scientists and people not related to scientific activity. The contribution of IQ and attention to creativity is also analyzed, depending on the age and intellectual environment of professional activity. Scientific activity proved to be a protective factor against the decline in creativity and vigilance in the elderly. For the creativity of people not related to scientific activity, age differences depended on the gender factor. Young women had lower rates than men, but their creativity did not change in old age. In older men, creativity was lower, compared to young men and compared to the creativity of older women. Indicators of IQ and executive control were higher among scientists compared to people not engaged in scientific activity, which is consistent with the theory of cognitive reserve. According to the regression analysis, the greatest positive contribution to creativity in young subjects was made by IQ. Older people have a positive contribution of vigilance and a negative one-of the time of conflict resolution under executive attention. For scientists, it was not possible to obtain a reliable model of the relationship between IQ and attention with creativity. In people not engaged in scientific activity, positive predictors of creativity were IQ and indices of the right-hemisphere orienting reaction.
|Журнал||Zhurnal Vysshei Nervnoi Deyatelnosti Imeni I.P. Pavlova|
|Состояние||Опубликовано - 1 янв 2019|