This work presents the results of the in situ SAXS study of the asphaltene aggregate transformations due to dilution of several heavy crude oils by heptane within the time range from 5 min to 3 days. The main growth of the asphaltene aggregates was usually observed within first minutes. The analysis of the SAXS data obtained in situ for the oils having significantly different relative content of resins showed their great influence on the dynamics of aggregates formation on a nanometer scale. In particular, it has been shown that the resins can prevent the asphaltene aggregation via certain mechanism which usually leads to the high anisotropy of the aggregates. Therefore the relative content of resin and asphaltenes as well as aromatics and aliphatics lead to the asphaltene aggregates with different shapes and different density of deposits.