Diosgenin is of significant interest due to its biological activity and synthetic application. In this study, we report the synthesis of a series of spirostanic 1,4,5-trisubstituted 1,2,3-triazoles by the three component reaction of (25R)-6-azidospirostan-3,5-diols with acetophenones and aryl aldehydes. The one-pot two step synthesis proceeds through the in situ formation of (E)-chalcones and copper catalyzed reaction with organic azides in DMF medium. Structural diversity was achieved by varying the aldehyde and acetophenone nature as well as the spirostanic azide stereochemistry. The results of in vitro biological assays showed that fully decorated spirostanic 1,2,3-triazoles exerted significant and selective antiproliferative activity against MCF-7, glioblastoma (SNB-19, T98G, A-172) and neuroblastoma (IMR-32, SH-SYSY) (HCT116) cell lines (GI50 in the single-digit micromolar range). The data revealed that benzoyl and aryl substitutions in the triazole ring introduced at the 6β-position significantly improved the anti-tumor activity of (25R)-6-azidospirostan-3β,5α-diols. This position on the spirostan core may be the favourable to synthesize of potent anticancer leads from diosgenin.
|Состояние||Опубликовано - февр. 2023|
Предметные области OECD FOS+WOS
- 3.01 ФУНДАМЕНТАЛЬНАЯ МЕДИЦИНА
- 1.04 ХИМИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ
- 1.06 БИОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ