Synthesis and In Vitro Study of Antiviral Activity of Glycyrrhizin Nicotinate Derivatives against HIV-1 Pseudoviruses and SARS-CoV-2 Viruses

Vladislav V. Fomenko, Nadezhda B. Rudometova, Olga I. Yarovaya, Artem D. Rogachev, Anastasia A. Fando, Anna V. Zaykovskaya, Nina I. Komarova, Dmitry N. Shcherbakov, Oleg V. Pyankov, Andrey G. Pokrovsky, Larisa I. Karpenko, Rinat A. Maksyutov, Nariman F. Salakhutdinov

Результат исследования: Научные публикации в периодических изданияхстатьярецензирование

Аннотация

When developing drugs against SARS-CoV-2, it is important to consider the characteristics of patients with different co-morbidities. People infected with HIV-1 are a particularly vulnerable group, as they may be at a higher risk than the general population of contracting COVID-19 with clinical complications. For such patients, drugs with a broad spectrum of antiviral activity are of paramount importance. Glycyrrhizinic acid (Glyc) and its derivatives are promising biologically active compounds for the development of such broad-spectrum antiviral agents. In this work, derivatives of Glyc obtained by acylation with nicotinic acid were investigated. The resulting preparation, Glycyvir, is a multi-component mixture containing mainly mono-, di-, tri-and tetranicotinates. The composition of Glycyvir was characterized by HPLC-MS/MS and its toxicity assessed in cell culture. Antiviral activity against three strains of SARS-CoV-2 was tested in vitro on Vero E6 cells by MTT assay. Glycyvir was shown to inhibit SARS-CoV-2 replication in vitro (IC50 2–8 µM) with an antiviral activity comparable to the control drug Remdesivir. In addition, Glycyvir exhibited marked inhibitory activity against HIV pseudoviruses of subtypes B, A6 and the recombinant form CRF63_02A (IC50 range 3.9–27.5 µM). The time-dependence of Glycyvir inhibitory activity on HIV pseudovirus infection of TZM-bl cells suggested that the compound interfered with virus entry into the target cell. Glycyvir is a promising candidate as an agent with low toxicity and a broad spectrum of antiviral action.

Язык оригиналаанглийский
Номер статьи295
ЖурналMolecules
Том27
Номер выпуска1
DOI
СостояниеОпубликовано - 1 янв 2022

Предметные области OECD FOS+WOS

  • 3.01 ФУНДАМЕНТАЛЬНАЯ МЕДИЦИНА
  • 1.04 ХИМИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ

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