In this study, bornyl- and cytisine-based cyanopyrrolidines as potent dipeptidyl peptidase-IV (DPP-IV) inhibitors were synthesised. The in vitro inhibiting activities of bornyl- and cytisine derivatives towards DPP-IV were evaluated. Bornyl-based cyanopyrrolidines were shown to have moderate inhibitory activity with regard to DPP-IV (1.27–15.78 µM). A docking study was performed to elucidate the structure-activity relationship of the obtained compounds. The in vivo hypoglycemic activities of the same compounds were evaluated with the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) in mice. Bornyl-based cyanopyrrolidines were shown to have good hypoglycemic activity.