The analysis of IgGs to protect humans from oxidative stress through oxidation of harmful compounds was carried out. We have compared here for the first time peroxidase (in the presence of H2O2) and oxidoreductase (in the absence of H2O2) activities of IgGs from sera of healthy humans and patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and multiple sclerosis (MS). In addition, substrate specificity of SLE and MS IgG preparations in the oxidation of different compounds was analyzed: 2,2′-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS), 3,3′-diaminobenzidine (DAB), homovanillic acid (HVA), o-phenylenediamine (OPD), α-naphthol, 3-amino-9-ethylcarbazole (AEC), p-hydroquinone (pHQ), and adrenaline. IgGs of healthy humans and SLE and MS patients oxidized DAB, ABTS, and OPD due to their peroxidase and oxidoreductase activities, while other compounds were substrates of IgGs only in the presence of H2O2: adrenaline was not oxidized by both activities of IgGs. The average SLE IgGs peroxidase activity increased statistically significant in comparison with abzymes from healthy humans in the order (-fold): OPD (1.2) < DAB (1.7) < α-naphtol (2.2) ≤ AEC (2.4) < ABTS (4.5) < 5-ASA (10.6), while with oxidoreductase activity: OPD (1.8) ≤ DAB (2.1-fold) < ABTS (5.0). Only HVA was oxidized by IgGs with peroxidase activity of healthy donors faster than by SLE (1.3-fold) and MS abzymes (2.4-fold). In the oxidation of several substrates, only three IgGs of MS patients were used. The data speak of a tendency to increase the peroxidase and oxidoreductase activities of MS IgGs in comparison with healthy donors, but to a lesser extent: OPD (1.1 to 1.2-fold) ≤ ABTS (1.2 to 1.8-fold). It was shown that development of SLE and MS leads to increase in peroxidase and oxidoreductase activities of IgGs toward most of classical substrates. Thus, abzymes can serve as an additional factor of reactive oxygen species detoxification protecting of patients with SLE and MS from some harmful compounds somewhat better than healthy peoples.