Substrate specificity of healthy human sera IgG antibodies with peroxidase and oxydoreductase activities

Результат исследования: Научные публикации в периодических изданияхстатьярецензирование

5 Цитирования (Scopus)


We have carried out an analysis of whether blood IgG antibodies can protect humans from oxidative stress by oxidizing different harmful compounds. A somewhat unexpected result was obtained. We show here for the first time that healthy human sera IgGs with the peroxidase (in the presence H2 O2) efficiently oxidize different compounds: 3,3 -diaminobenzidine (1; DAB), 2,2 -azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) diammonium salt (2; ATBS), o-phenylenediamine (3; OPD), homovanillic acid (4; HVA), α-naphthol (5), 5-aminosalicylic acid (6; 5-ASA) and 3-amino-9-ethylcarbazole (7; AEC), but seven of nine IgG preparations from different volunteers cannot oxidize p-hydroquinone (8: pHQ). The average apparent kcat values in the H2 O2 -dependent oxidation by human IgGs decreased in the following order (min−1): ATBS (73.7) ≥ DAB (66.3) > AEC (38.0) ≥ HVA (19.8) ≥ α-naphthol (8.6) > OPD (0.62) ≥ 5-ASA (0.48) > pHQ (0.24). In the absence of H2 O2 (oxidoreductase activity), the relative average kcat values decreased in the following order (min−1): DAB (52.1) ≥ ATBS (50.5) > OPD (0.25). The peroxidase average activity of human IgGs was higher than the oxidoreductase one: 1.2-, 1.5- and 2.5-fold for DAB, ATBS and OPD, respectively. It should be assumed that antibodies can oxidize in addition to the large number of other different compounds analysed by us. As a whole, the specific wide repertoire of polyclonal human IgGs oxidizing various compounds could play an important role in protecting humans from oxidative stress and serve as an additional natural system destroying H2O2 and different toxic mutagenic and carcinogenic compounds.

Язык оригиналаанглийский
Номер статьи171097
Страницы (с-по)171097
Число страниц13
ЖурналRoyal Society Open Science
Номер выпуска1
СостояниеОпубликовано - 31 янв. 2018


Подробные сведения о темах исследования «Substrate specificity of healthy human sera IgG antibodies with peroxidase and oxydoreductase activities». Вместе они формируют уникальный семантический отпечаток (fingerprint).