Gas Electron Multiplier (GEM) based detectors are widely used in numerous collider experiments and, in particular, at the Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics (BINP). In order to determine the best possible spatial resolution, the simulation of charged particle registration process is accomplished. The simulation shows that spatial resolution is definitely less than 20μm for applied operation configurations. The simulation of electron transport through single GEM and through GEM-cascade shows that an electron cluster is compressed by GEM holes and an effective transverse diffusion is reduced by approximately 15% as maximum. The experimental part of the work is devoted to the operability tests of the designed detector with orthogonal strips readout with a pitch of 250μm and the measurements of its characteristics including the dependence of gain on GEM-voltage, the registration efficiency and the spatial resolution. Spatial resolution of the studied detector is measured as 31.5±0.9(stat.) −7.5 +6.9(syst.)μm.
|Журнал||Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment|
|Состояние||Опубликовано - 21 авг. 2019|