The interaction of natural eclogite (Ecl) with synthetic hydrous carbonate melts with Na:K = 0:1 (KH2) and 1:1 (NKH2) was studied in multianvil experiments at 3–6 GPa and 850–1250 °C. The interaction with KH2 consumes garnet and clinopyroxene producing phlogopite and calcite-dolomite solid solution. Besides, the interaction yields a decrease in the jadeite component of clinopyroxene, evolving eclogite toward pyroxenite. This is consistent with a metasomatic alteration of eclogite xenoliths, manifested as Na-poor “spongy” clinopyroxene, replacing primary omphacite, and kelyphitic rims around garnet, containing phlogopite and carbonates. The interaction with NKH2 also produces phlogopite and carbonate, but the latter is more magnesian and represented by magnesite, above the solidus, and magnesite + dolomite below the solidus. The interaction with NKH2 increases the jadeite component in clinopyroxene and grossular component in garnet, evolving eclogite Group A to eclogite Group B. The studied systems have H2O/K2O = 2, like that in phlogopite, and therefore correspond to carbonated phlogopite eclogite under fluid-absent conditions. Based on the obtained results its solidus is situated near 1050 °C at 3 GPa and decreases to 950 °C at 6 GPa. Thus, hydrous K- and Na-K-carbonatite melts can coexist with eclogite in SCLM at depths exceeding 120–170 km, and solidify as temperature decreases below 950–1050 °C according to the following solidus reactions: pyrope + diopside + melt → phlogopite + dolomite, below 6 GPa, and pyrope + diopside + melt → phlogopite + magnesite + grossular, at 6 GPa. The melting reaction, involving phlogopite and dolomite, suggests the partial melting at the peak of ultrahigh-pressure metamorphism (UHPM) during continent–continent plate collision. The prograde P-T path of UHPM crosses the solidus of clinopyroxene + garnet + phlogopite + dolomite assemblage at 4.7–5.2 GPa and 970–990 °C and yields the formation of hydrous K-carbonatite melt-fluid in situ. This melt could be responsible for the formation of K-bearing clinopyroxenes and microdiamonds in the UHPM marbles in the Kokchetav massif, Kazakhstan. The retrograde P-T path intersects the solidus that has a negative Clapeyron slope in the diamond stability field. Thus, the hydrous K-carbonatite melt should disappear soon after the peak of metamorphism reacting with garnet to produce Ca-Mg carbonates and phlogopite.
Предметные области OECD FOS+WOS
- 1.05 НАУКИ О ЗЕМЛЕ И СМЕЖНЫЕ ЭКОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ
- 1.05.KY ГЕОЛОГИЯ