Social defeat stress in adult mice causes alterations in gene expression, alternative splicing, and the epigenetic landscape of H3K4me3 in the prefrontal cortex: An impact of early-life stress

V. V. Reshetnikov, P. E. Kisaretova, N. I. Ershov, T. I. Merkulova, N. P. Bondar

Результат исследования: Научные публикации в периодических изданияхстатья

Аннотация

Chronic stress is the leading risk factor of a broad range of severe psychopathologies. Nonetheless, the molecular mechanisms triggering these pathological processes are not well understood. In our study, we investigated the effects of 15-day social defeat stress (SDS) on the genome-wide landscape of trimethylation at the 4th lysine residue of histone H3 (H3K4me3) and on the transcriptome in the prefrontal cortex of mice that were reared normally (group SDS) or subjected to maternal separation early in life (group MS+SDS). The mice with the history of stress early in life showed increased susceptibility to SDS in adulthood and demonstrated long-lasting genome-wide alterations in gene expression and splicing as well as in the H3K4me3 epigenetic landscape in the prefrontal cortex. Thus, the high-throughput techniques applied here allowed us to simultaneously detect, for the first time, genome-wide epigenetic and transcriptional changes in the murine prefrontal cortex that are associated with both chronic SDS and increased susceptibility to this stressor.

Язык оригиналаанглийский
Номер статьи110068
ЖурналProgress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry
Ранняя дата в режиме онлайн15 авг 2020
DOI
СостояниеЭлектронная публикация перед печатью - 15 авг 2020

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