Sandstones hosted by Pacific-type orogenic belts and related accretionary complexes carry records of their source intra-oceanic or continental magmatic arcs. Study of arc-derived sandstones is important for reconstructing tectonic evolution of Pacific-type convergent margins in case such arcs get partly or completely eroded during subduction. In this paper, we present first U-Pb detrital zircon ages and Hf-in-zircon isotope ratios and whole-rock geochemical and Nd data from Ordovician to early Silurian clastic sediments (sandstones) of the Itmurundy Pacific-type orogenic belt and its hosted accretionary complex (AC). The Itmurundy AC is located in the northern Balkhash area of central Kazakhstan and includes sandstones of the Itmurundy and Kazyk fms. (central segment) and Tyuretai Fm. (eastern segment). The U-Pb ages of detrital zircons from Group 1 sandstones show unimodal distributions with major peaks at ca. 467–456 Ma and the youngest clusters of ages from 442 to 439 Ma Ma suggesting post-Llandovery deposition. The distributions of the U-Pb ages of detrital zircons from Group 2 sandstones are polymodal with major peaks at ca. 462–461 Ma and subordinate peaks at 788, 992, 2472 Ma. The Group 2 zircons yielded two youngest clusters of U-Pb ages: 458 Ma and 424 Ma suggesting post-middle Ordovician and post-Ludlow maximum depositional ages. According to petrographic classifications, both Group 1 and 2 sandstones are poorly-sorted and poorly-rounded greywacke or litharenite. The chemical compositions imply that these sandstones are immature and weakly weathered sediments. The Group 1 greywackes are characterized by relatively low SiO2 (63 wt%) compared to Group 2 greywackes (SiO2 = 66 wt% in average). The major and trace element compositions of both groups of sandstones resemble those of supra-subduction andesitic to dacitic volcanic rocks. The positive values of whole-rock ɛNd(t) (+1 to + 5.3) and zircon ɛHf(t) (+9.8 to +17.5) obtained from the Group 1 greywackes suggest juvenile igneous rocks in the source area. On the contrary, the negative values of ɛNd(t) (−7.2) and variable values of zircon ɛHf(t) (−24.5 to +11.5) from the Group 2 sandstones suggest that their parental igneous rocks were derived from mantle sources possessing both juvenile and recycled characteristics. Conclusively, the greywacke sandstones of both groups formed by erosion of an Ordovician intra-oceanic volcanic arc once existed at an active margin of the Paleo-Asian Ocean, however those of Group 1 deposited in a fore-arc basin and trench, while those of Group 2 deposited in a back-arc basin.
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- 1.05 НАУКИ О ЗЕМЛЕ И СМЕЖНЫЕ ЭКОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ