The rocks of the Olkhon terrane experienced high-grade regional metamorphism reaching granulite facies. In addition to regional metamorphism, they were subjected to contact metamorphism and autometamorphism (mafic dikes). Three types of regional metamorphism have been distinguished. A terrane collage north of the Orso Zone revealed two stages of regional metamorphism: early-stage granulite metamorphism (Т = 750–900°С, Р = 8–9 kbar, around 500 Ma) and late-stage amphibolite and low–amphibolite facies (Т = 550–710°С, Р = 4–6 kbar, 460–470 Ma). The Orso microterrane separating the Krestovsky island-arc subterrane from a collage of other microterranes contains high-pressure mineral assemblages (up to 10 kbar), which are characterized by the presence of high-calcium garnet in metapelites. The Orso microterrane and Krestovsky subterrane are characterized by relatively high-pressure path of metamorphism. An extended zone of contact high-temperature metamorphism related to the emplacement of gabbro of the second phase of the Ustkrestovsky Complex has been mapped in the Krestovsky subterrane. The temperature of formation of two-pyroxene hornfels after metaporphyrites of the Birkhin volcanoplutonic association is estimated at 750–850°С. Beerbachites were formed by autometamorphism of subvolcanic mafic bodies, which compose the northern part of the Tazheran composite massif (syenite, Ne-syenite, subalkaline gabbro), dikes in the Birkhin gabbro massif, as well as dikes and separate blocks in marble mélange. The temperature of autometamorphism during formation of beerbachites is estimated from two-pyroxene geothermometer as 700–1000°С.