Pulsed laser ablation of compound materials often occurs with delayed evaporation of a less volatile component; however, the effect of the delay on ablation plume expansion remains virtually unexplored. Here, we have performed an experimental and theoretical study of the delayed evaporation effect using an example of a plume produced by nanosecond laser ablation of a gold-silver alloy in a vacuum and comparing it with ablation of pure gold and silver targets. The plume expansion dynamics are investigated by time-of-flight (TOF) mass spectrometry and direct simulation Monte Carlo (DSMC), while the laser-induced target evaporation is analyzed using a thermal model. A dramatic effect of the delay time on the average kinetic energy of the plume particles, especially for the less volatile gold, is demonstrated and the main collisional processes governing the two-component plume expansion under the conditions of delayed evaporation are revealed. Based on comparison of experimental and DSMC data, the delay of the gold evaporation onset is estimated as approximately 0.6 ns. The delayed evaporation is therefore an important factor for correct interpretation of TOF measurements in ablation plumes with components of different volatilities.
Предметные области OECD FOS+WOS
- 2.05 ТЕХНОЛОГИЯ МАТЕРИАЛОВ
- 1.03 ФИЗИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ И АСТРОНОМИЯ