Till yet there is no data concerning mechanisms of autoimmune diseases development. Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) prone C57BL/6 (T-and B-lymphocyte response), non-autoimmune CBA, and Th mice with T cell response were immunized with myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG35–55) to compare different characteristics of autoimmune reaction development. Bone marrow differentiation profiles of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs), lymphocyte proliferation in various organs associated with the production of antibodies against DNA, myelin basic protein (MBP), and MOG, as well as abzymes hydrolyzing these antigens, were analyzed before and after immunization. Profiles of HSC differentiation [BFU-E (erythroid burst-forming unit (early erythroid colonies), CFU-E (erythroid burst-forming unit (late erythroid colonies), CFU-GM (granulocytic-macrophagic colony-forming unit), and CFU-GEMM granulocytic-erythroid-megakaryocytic-macrophagic colony-forming unit] and patterns of lymphocyte proliferation in different organs (brain, spleen, thymus, and lymph nodes) were very different for C57BL/6, CBA, and Th mice. We conclude that only C57BL/6 mice were predisposed to spontaneous and MOG-induced acceleration of EAE development. CBA mice are not prone to the development of autoimmune reactions. After immunization, Th mice demonstrate changes in several parameters similar to C57BL/6 and other to CBA mice; Th mice are more prone to developing autoimmune reactions than CBA mice. Our data may be important for understanding the combined presence in mice lymphocytes with T and B cell responses for spontaneous and induced autoimmune diseases.