Post-Immune Antibodies in HIV-1 Infection in the Context of Vaccine Development: A Variety of Biological Functions and Catalytic Activities

Результат исследования: Научные публикации в периодических изданияхстатьярецензирование

Аннотация

Unlike many other viruses, HIV-1 is highly variable. The structure of the viral envelope changes as the infection progresses and is one of the biggest obstacles in developing an HIV-1 vaccine. HIV-1 infection can cause the production of various natural autoantibodies, including catalytic antibodies hydrolyzing DNA, myelin basic protein, histones, HIV-integrase, HIV-reverse transcriptase, β-casein, serum albumin, and some other natural substrates. Currently, there are various directions for the development of HIV-1 vaccines: stimulation of the immune response on the mucous membranes; induction of cytotoxic T cells, which lyse infected cells and hold back HIV-infection; immunization with recombinant Env proteins or vectors encoding Env; mRNA-based vaccines and some others. However, despite many attempts to develop an HIV-1 vaccine, none have been successful. Here we review the entire spectrum of antibodies found in HIV-infected patients, including neutralizing antibodies specific to various viral epitopes, as well as antibodies formed against various autoantigens, catalytic antibodies against autoantigens, and some viral proteins. We consider various promising targets for developing a vaccine that will not produce unwanted antibodies in vaccinated patients. In addition, we review common problems in the development of a vaccine against HIV-1.

Язык оригиналаанглийский
Номер статьи384
ЖурналVaccines
Том10
Номер выпуска3
DOI
СостояниеОпубликовано - 2 мар 2022

Предметные области OECD FOS+WOS

  • 3.01.QA МЕДИЦИНА, ИССЛЕДОВАТЕЛЬСКАЯ И ЭКСПЕРИМЕНТАЛЬНАЯ
  • 3.01.NI ИММУНОЛОГИЯ

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