The mineral composition and melt inclusions of ultramafic lamprophyres of the Terina complex were investigated. The rocks identified were aillikites, mela-aillikites, and damtjernites, and they were originally composed of olivine macrocrysts and phenocrysts, as well as phlogopite phenocrysts in carbonate groundmass, containing phlogopite, clinopyroxene and feldspars. Minor and accessory minerals were fluorapatite, ilmenite, rutile, titanite, and sulphides. Secondary minerals identified were quartz, calcite, dolomite, serpentine, chlorite, rutile, barite, synchysite-(Ce), and monazite-(Ce). Phlogopite, calcite, clinopyroxene, Ca-amphibole, fluorapatite, magnetite, and ilmenite occurred as daughter-phases in melt inclusions. The melt inclusions also contained Fe–Ni sulphides, synchysite-(Ce) and, probably, anhydrite. The olivine macrocrysts included orthopyroxene and ilmenite, and the olivine phenocrysts included Cr-spinel and Ti-magnetite inclusions. Crystal-fluid inclusions in fluorapatite from damtjernites contain calcite, clinopyroxene, dolomite, and barite. The data that were obtained confirm that the ultramafic lamprophyres of the Terina complex crystallized from peridotite mantle-derived carbonated melts and they have not undergone significant fractional crystallization. The investigated rocks are considered to be representative of melts that are derived from carbonate-rich mantle beneath the Siberian craton.