The antimicrobial action of peptides in bacterial membranes is commonly related to their mode of self-assembling which results in pore formation. To optimize peptide antibiotic use for therapeutic purposes, a study on the concentration dependence of self-assembling process is thus desirable. In this work, we investigate this dependence for peptaibol trichogin GA IV (Tric) in the 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (POPC) model membrane in the range of peptide concentrations between 0.5 and 3.3 mol%. Pulsed double electron-electron resonance (PELDOR) applied on spin-labeled peptide analogs highlights the onset of peptide dimerization above a critical peptide concentration value, namely ~ 2 mol%. Electron spin echo (ESE) envelope modulation (ESEEM) for D2O-hydrated bilayers shows that dimerization is accompanied by peptide re-orientation towards a trans-membrane disposition. For spin-labeled stearic acids (5-DSA) in POPC bilayers, the study of ESE decays and ESEEM in the presence of a deuterated peptide analog indicates that above the critical peptide concentration the 5-DSA molecules are attracted by peptide molecules, forming nanoclusters. As the 5-DSA molecules represent a model for the behavior of fatty acids participating in bacterial membrane homeostasis, such capturing action by Tric may represent an additional mechanism of its antibiotic activity.
Предметные области OECD FOS+WOS
- 1.06.CQ БИОХИМИЯ И МОЛЕКУЛЯРНАЯ БИОЛОГИЯ
- 1.06.DA БИОФИЗИКА