Poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation is one of immediate cellular responses to DNA damage and is catalyzed by poly(ADP-ribose) polymerases (PARPs). PARP1 is a well-known regulator of DNA repair. Another member of this family, PARP2, was discovered later. The study of PARP1 and PARP2 functions started a long time ago, and special attention has been given to the role of these enzymes in base excision repair. This review summarizes my lab's data on the functions of PARP1 and PARP2 in base excision repair as well as the results obtained in the course of our collaboration with Dr. Samuel H. Wilson.