Origin of alkaline carbonates in kimberlites of the Siberian craton: Evidence from melt inclusions in mantle olivine of the Udachnaya-East pipe

Alexander V. Golovin, Igor S. Sharygin, Andrey V. Korsakov

Результат исследования: Научные публикации в периодических изданияхстатья

26 Цитирования (Scopus)

Аннотация

Alkaline carbonates hexagonal zemkorite (Na,K)2Ca(CO3)2 and orthorhombic shortite Na2Ca2(CO3)3 were found among groundmass minerals in kimberlites from some localities worldwide, including the unserpentinised units of the Udachnaya-East kimberlite. However, the source of alkalis and the origin of the unusual minerals in these kimberlites remain highly debatable. It is generally considered that they have hydrothermal or metasomatic origin while sodium may come from a crustal source. Orthorhombic nyerereite (Na,K)2Ca(CO3)2 and shortite were identified as daughter phases in secondary melt inclusions (MI) in olivine from the deepest mantle xenoliths (i.e., sheared peridotites) and in olivine xenocrysts derived from disintegrated mantle rocks from the Udachnaya-East pipe by Raman spectroscopy and SEM-EDS. The melt, hosted as the inclusions in olivine, was entrapped at a mantle depth. On the basis of similar mineralogy of MI to groundmass of the unserpentinised kimberlites, we suggest relation of MI to the Udachnaya kimberlite melts. The MI solidus temperature is as high as 500 °С. Generally, MI nyerereite is considered as a magmatic mineral but experiments show it to be stable at relatively low temperatures (LT) T ≤ 360 °С. Thus, strictly speaking, it is a subsolidus mineral formed from high-temperature (HT) (T < 800 °С) hexagonal (Na,K)2Ca(CO3)2 carbonate. Shortite is also a subsolidus mineral, which may form by several subsolidus reactions in multicomponent systems, such as kimberlites, while breakdown of the HT hexagonal phase (Na,K)2Ca(CO3,SO4)2 into Na2Ca2(CO3)3 (shortite) and K3Na(SO4)2 (aphthitalite) is the basic mechanism. The solidus temperature for the Udachnaya-East kimberlite is about 300 °С indicating that LT orthorhombic nyerereite may crystallise directly from the melt as well. Thus, (Na,K)2Ca(CO3)2 and Na2Ca2(CO3)3 carbonates in the groundmass of the unserpentinised Udachnaya-East kimberlites are of magmatic/subsolidus origin. This scenario for the origin of Na-K-Ca and Na-Ca carbonates in the Udachnaya-East kimberlites may have implications for other kimberlites elsewhere.

Язык оригиналаанглийский
Страницы (с-по)357-375
Число страниц19
ЖурналChemical Geology
Том455
DOI
СостояниеОпубликовано - 20 апр 2017

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