This paper presents a model for calculating deformations and mechanical stresses around a crack normal to surface that appeared under pulsed heat load. The model was applied to calculation of stresses that may lead to formation of cracks along the surface, which are observed when tungsten is exposed to ITER-relevant heat load. It was found that such stresses might be not negligibly small in comparison with the ultimate tensile strength, and thus the appearance of cracks normal to the surface may leads to development of cracks parallel to the surface. The calculated deformation of the region around a crack is in good agreement with the experimental data. The deformations calculated can be a basis for experimental detection of formation of cracks normal and parallel to the surface.