### Аннотация

Classical black holes are known for almost half a century to nullify exterior classical massive vector field associated with a charge crossing the event horizon. This implies that, from the point of view of an external observer, the Proca field of the charge is screened with the strength gradually increasing as the charge adiabatically approaches the event horizon. In this paper we reject the adiabaticity constraint and calculate analytically the field evolution with respect to a distant observer in the frame of the simplest model of a contracting charged spherical shell concentrically surrounding a Schwarzschild black hole. We show that a time scale of the screening is determined by a mass of the black hole and, moreover, loss of Proca hair during the collapse of charged matter has the same temporal character. Due to existence of the event horizon, there is discontinuous jump between massive and massless electrodynamics. This means that presence of an arbitrarily small mass of the photon induces observable effects, which include generation of electric asymmetry of the Universe and galactic magnetic fields.

Язык оригинала | английский |
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Номер статьи | 495 |

Число страниц | 10 |

Журнал | European Physical Journal C |

Том | 80 |

Номер выпуска | 6 |

DOI | |

Состояние | Опубликовано - 1 июн 2020 |