We review three laser spectroscopy schemes developed recently for observation of high-contrast enhanced-absorption nonlinear resonances in small alkali-vapor cells. In our experiments, optical transitions within the cesium D1 line are involved and a probe beam transmission is analyzed. The first spectroscopy method is based on the configuration with two-frequency counter propagating beams, which are linearly polarized in orthogonal directions. This configuration provides observation of high-contrast natural-linewidth resonances superimposed on broad Doppler profiles when the laser frequency is scanned. These resonances have good prospects for developing a miniature optical frequency reference. The second scheme involves two-frequency counter propagating beams with equal circular polarizations and provides observation of subnatural-linewidth resonances when the Raman frequency detuning is scanned. We use these resonances for stabilizing the microwave frequency of a local oscillator (˜ 4.6 GHz). Frequency stability of around 6 × l0-12 is achieved at 1-s averaging using a 5-mm length cell. This result makes the technique attractive for developing a miniature frequency standard in thr microwave range. The third configuration exploits single-frequency counter-propagating beams with linear orthogonal polarizations. The ultrahigh-contrast subnatural-linewidth resonances can be observed when the longitudinal magnetic field is scanned around zero. The possible application is discussed of these resonances in vector atomic magnetometry.
|Журнал||Journal of Physics: Conference Series|
|Состояние||Опубликовано - 9 апр 2021|
|Событие||21st International Conference and School on Quantum Electronics: Laser Physics and Applications, ICSQE 2020 - Virtual, Online|
Продолжительность: 21 сен 2020 → 25 сен 2020
Предметные области OECD FOS+WOS
- 1.03 ФИЗИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ И АСТРОНОМИЯ