Near-ambient pressure xps and ms study of co oxidation over model pd-au/hopg catalysts: The effect of the metal ratio

Andrey V. Bukhtiyarov, Igor P. Prosvirin, Maxim A. Panafidin, Alexey Yu Fedorov, Alexander Yu Klyushin, Axel Knop-Gericke, Yan V. Zubavichus, Valery I. Bukhtiyarov

Результат исследования: Научные публикации в периодических изданияхстатьярецензирование

Аннотация

In this study, the dependence of the catalytic activity of highly oriented pyrolytic graphite (HOPG)-supported bimetallic Pd-Au catalysts towards the CO oxidation based on the Pd/Au atomic ratio was investigated. The activities of two model catalysts differing from each other in the initial Pd/Au atomic ratios appeared as distinctly different in terms of their ignition temperatures. More specifically, the PdAu-2 sample with a lower Pd/Au surface ratio (~0.75) was already active at temperatures less than 150C, while the PdAu-1 sample with a higher Pd/Au surface ratio (~1.0) became active only at temperatures above 200C. NAP XPS revealed that the exposure of the catalysts to a reaction mixture at RT induces the palladium surface segregation accompanied by an enrichment of the near-surface regions of the two-component Pd-Au alloy nanoparticles with Pd due to adsorption of CO on palladium atoms. The segregation extent depends on the initial Pd/Au surface ratio. The difference in activity between these two catalysts is determined by the presence or higher concentration of specific active Pd sites on the surface of bimetallic particles, i.e., by the ensemble effect. Upon cooling the sample down to room temperature, the reverse redistribution of the atomic composition within near-surface regions occurs, which switches the catalyst back into inactive state. This observation strongly suggests that the optimum active sites emerge under reaction conditions exclusively, involving both high temperature and a reactive atmosphere.

Язык оригиналаанглийский
Номер статьи3292
ЖурналNanomaterials
Том11
Номер выпуска12
DOI
СостояниеОпубликовано - дек 2021

Предметные области OECD FOS+WOS

  • 2.04 ХИМИЧЕСКИЕ ТЕХНОЛОГИИ
  • 2.05 ТЕХНОЛОГИЯ МАТЕРИАЛОВ
  • 2.1.NS НАНОНАУКА И НАНОТЕХНОЛОГИИ
  • 2.05.PM МАТЕРИАЛОВЕДЕНИЕ, МУЛЬТИДИСЦИПЛИНАРНОЕ
  • 1.03.UB ФИЗИКА, ПРИКЛАДНАЯ
  • 1.04.DY ХИМИЯ, МУЛЬТИДИСЦИПЛИНАРНАЯ

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