We have investigated the scenarios of transition to chaos in the mathematical model of a genetic system constituted by a single transcription factor-encoding gene, the expression of which is self-regulated by a feedback loop that involves protein isoforms. Alternative splicing results in the synthesis of protein isoforms providing opposite regulatory outcomes-activation or repression. The model is represented by a differential equation with two delayed arguments. The possibility of transition to chaos dynamics via all classical scenarios: a cascade of period-doubling bifurcations, quasiperiodicity and type-I, type-II and type-III intermittencies, has been numerically demonstrated. The parametric features of each type of transition to chaos have been described.