Metabolomic Analysis Reveals That the Moor Frog Rana arvalis Uses Both Glucose and Glycerol as Cryoprotectants

Sergei V. Shekhovtsov, Nina A. Bulakhova, Yuri P. Tsentalovich, Ekaterina A. Zelentsova, Ekaterina N. Meshcheryakova, Tatiana V. Poluboyarova, Daniil I. Berman

Результат исследования: Научные публикации в периодических изданияхстатьярецензирование

Аннотация

The moor frog Rana arvalis is one of a few amphibians that can tolerate freezing to low temperatures, up to −16 °C. In this study, we performed metabolomic analysis of the liver and hindlimb muscles of frozen and control R. arvalis. We found that the moor frog synthesizes glucose and glycerol in similar concentrations as low molecular weight cryoprotectants. This is the first such case reported for the genus Rana, which was believed to use glucose only. We found that freezing upregulates glycolysis, with the accumulation of several end products: lactate, alanine, ethanol, and, possibly, 2,3-butanediol. To our knowledge, this is also the first report of ethanol as an end product of glycolysis in terrestrial vertebrates. We observed highly increased concentrations of nucleotide degradation products, implying high level of stress. The Krebs cycle arrest resulted in high concentrations of succinate, which is common for animals. However, we found almost no signs of adaptations to reoxygenation stress, with overall low levels of antioxidants. We also performed metabo-lomics analysis of subcutaneous ice that was found to contain glucose, glycerol, and several other substances.

Язык оригиналаанглийский
Номер статьи1286
ЖурналAnimals
Том12
Номер выпуска10
DOI
СостояниеОпубликовано - 1 мая 2022

Предметные области OECD FOS+WOS

  • 4.03 ВЕТЕРИНАРНЫЕ НАУКИ
  • 4.02.AD СЕЛЬСКОЕ ХОЗЯЙСТВО, МОЛОЧНОЕ ДЕЛО, ЖИВОТНОВОДСТВО

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