Metabasalts of Greenstone Belt of the Bulun Terrane (Southwestern Siberian Craton) as Indicators of Compositional and Isotopic Features of Archaean Mantle

O. M. Turkina, A. E. Izokh, A. D. Nozhkin

Результат исследования: Научные публикации в периодических изданияхстатьярецензирование

Аннотация

The paper summarizes major, trace, and Sm-Nd isotopic data on metabasites of the Urik greenstone belt (GB) (Sharyzhalgai uplift, southwestern Siberian craton). The Archean metabasalts (amphibolites and garnet amphibolites) of the supracrustal complex and sheeted bodies represent four geochemical types. The first type includes low-Ti amphibolites of the Urik area. Their characteristic features are a clear LREE depletion ((La/Sm)n = 0.8–1.1), the absent negative Nb anomaly, and positive εNd(t) values (up to +4.1). The second type corresponds to moderate-Ti amphibolites of the Urik area. They differ from the rocks of the first type in the higher (La/Sm)n ratio (1.0–1.5), Th, Zr, Nb, Y contents, and lower εNd(t) values (+0.4…–1.6), but, like the low-Ti amphibolites, they do not show Nb depletion. The third type includes amphibolites of the Tagna area, which show an increase in the concentrations of TiO2, LREE, Th, Zr, and Nb with a decrease in Mg# and have εNd(t) values from +1.3 to –0.5. They are characterized by the elevated (La/Sm)n ratio (1.1–2.3) and Zr and Nb contents and the presence of a clear Nb minimum. The fourth type includes all high-Ti amphibolites of sheeted bodies, which are enriched in LREE ((La/Sm)n = 1.9–3.4), Th, Zr, and Nb, have an increased (Gd/Yb)n (1.4–2.0), a sharp Nb depletion, and negative εNd(t) values. Geochemical modeling coupled with trace element and isotopic composition indicates the formation of the low- and moderate-Ti metabasalts of the Urik area from weakly depleted and nearly primitive mantle sources, respectively. Their protoliths were oceanic basalts. The metabasalts of the Tagna area were formed from a weakly depleted and hydrated mantle source contaminated with crustal material. The enrichment of the source with incompatible elements could be caused by sediment subduction shortly before basalt formation. The metabasalts of the fourth type originated from a long-lived enriched source such as subcontinental lithospheric mantle. They resemble the present-day intraplate continental basalts. None of the three dominant types of metabasalts of the Urik GB shows signatures of sharply depleted or sharply enriched mantle sources, which indicates a weak differentiation of the mantle by the Meso- Neoarchean boundary (~2.8 Ga). The formation of a subduction-modifed lithospheric mantle (hydrated mantle) has only occurred since ~ 2.8 Ga. Different compositional and isotopic characteristics of the metabasalts of the Urik GB suggest that the Bulun terrane was formed by accretion and tectonic juxtaposition of fragments of the oceanic crust, an oceanic island arc, and an older TTG continental crust at ~ 1.86 –1.82 Ga.

Язык оригиналаанглийский
Страницы (с-по)315-335
Число страниц21
ЖурналPetrology
Том29
Номер выпуска4
DOI
СостояниеОпубликовано - июл 2021

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