Small sugars are known to stabilize biological membranes under extreme conditions of freezing and desiccation. The proposed mechanisms of stabilization suggest membrane-sugar interactions to be either attractive or repulsive. To obtain new insight into the problem, we use a recently developed low-frequency Raman scattering approach which allows detecting membrane mechanical vibrations. For model membranes of palmitoyl-oleoyl-glycero-phosphocholine (POPC) hydrated in aqueous sucrose and trehalose solutions, we studied the Raman peak between 12 and 15 cm-1 that is attributed to an eigenmode of the normal mechanical vibrations of a lipid monolayer. For both sugars, similar results were obtained. With an increase in sugar concentration in solution, the frequency position of the peak was found to decrease by ∼13% which was interpreted as a consequence of the membrane thickening due sugar monolayer adsorption on the membrane surface. The concentration dependence of the peak frequency position was satisfactorily described by a Langmuir monolayer adsorption model. It is concluded that, at small sugar concentrations (less than 0.2 M), the membrane-sugar interactions are attractive, while at higher concentrations (more than 0.4 M) the attraction disappears. The data obtained show that one sugar molecule on the surface interacts with approximately 3-4 polar lipid heads.
|Журнал||Langmuir : the ACS journal of surfaces and colloids|
|Состояние||Опубликовано - 6 окт 2020|