The alkaline mafic (lamprophyric) Gusinoozerskaya dyke in West Transbaikalia is composed of partially melted granite xenoliths. Among the xenoliths, two melted substrates are observed: (1) plagioclase and quartz, and (2) alkaline feldspar and quartz. Few millimeters thick microfelsite and microgranophiric rims are the products of melting around the granite xenoliths. Ultra-acid glass is observed in the inner parts of the xenoliths at the boundary of quartz and feldspars. A distinctive feature of the fresh melts (regardless of the composition of the protolithic substrate) is an increased content of potassium with K2O/Na2O≥2. Having compared the compositions of the products of contact melting with the experimental data, we conclude that melting took place in the presence of alkaline-chloride and/or alkaline-carbonic fluid released from the crystallizing host alkaline-basic magma. The probable geotectonic conditions for the occurrence of ultrapotassic acid magmas are estimated.