Laboratory modeling of flow regimes in a draft tube of Francis hydro-turbine

Sergey Shtork, Ivan Litvinov, Andrey Mitryakov, Kemal Hanjalic

Результат исследования: Публикации в книгах, отчётах, сборниках, трудах конференцийстатья в сборнике материалов конференциинаучнаярецензирование


The paper reports on some results of the experimental study of flow and pressure pulsations in a laboratory model of the draft tube (DT) of Francis-99 hydro-turbine over a broad range of operating regimes. Velocity distributions at the model inlet varied within 866 modes of the turbine load conditions, including those with maximum coherent pressure pulsations on the model walls. The contact and non-contact methods were used to measure pressure pulsations on the model walls using acoustic sensors and to measure the averaged velocity distribution with a laser Doppler anemometer "LAD-06i". Analysis of the results have showed that in the model cone there are flow modes with forming of precessing vortex cores, accompanied by a sharp increase in the amplitude of coherent pressure pulsations on the wall and the velocity field rearrangement. It is shown that the vortex core starts forming with an increase in the integral parameter of swirl up to S>0.5. A novelty of the work is the combination of the rapid prototyping (3-d printing) of the inflow swirl generators and computerized measurement techniques that makes it possible to acquire rapidly a large amount of experimental data for a variety of designs and operating conditions. The results can provide insight into the effect of various design and operating parameters on the flow physics, as well as serve for verification of the numerical simulations.

Язык оригиналаанглийский
Название основной публикацииEXPERIMENTAL FLUID MECHANICS 2016 (EFM16 )
РедакторыP Dancova
ИздательUniversity of Lueneburg, Department of Economics and Social Sciences, Research Institute on Professions
Число страниц5
СостояниеОпубликовано - 2017
Событие11th International Conference on Experimental Fluid Mechanics (EFM) - Marienbad, Чехия
Продолжительность: 15 нояб. 201618 нояб. 2016

Серия публикаций

НазваниеEPJ Web of Conferences
ISSN (печатное издание)2100-014X


Конференция11th International Conference on Experimental Fluid Mechanics (EFM)


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