Kinetic Features of 3′–5′–Exonuclease Activity of Apurinic/Apyrimidinic Endonuclease Apn2 from Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Aleksandra A. Kuznetsova, Anastasia A. Gavrilova, Alexander A. Ishchenko, Murat Saparbaev, Olga S. Fedorova, Nikita A. Kuznetsov

Результат исследования: Научные публикации в периодических изданияхстатьярецензирование

Аннотация

In yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells, apurinic/apyrimidinic (AP) sites are primarily repaired by base excision repair. Base excision repair is initiated by one of two AP endonucleases: Apn1 or Apn2. AP endonucleases catalyze hydrolytic cleavage of the phosphodiester backbone on the 5′ side of an AP site, thereby forming a single–strand break containing 3′–OH and 5′–dRP ends. In addition, Apn2 has 3′–phosphodiesterase activity (removing 3′–blocking groups) and 3′ → 5′ exonuclease activity (both much stronger than its AP endonuclease activity). Nonetheless, the role of the 3′–5′–exonuclease activity of Apn2 remains unclear and presumably is involved in the repair of damage containing single–strand breaks. In this work, by separating reaction products in a polyacrylamide gel and by a stopped–flow assay, we performed a kinetic analysis of the interaction of Apn2 with various model DNA substrates containing a 5′ overhang. The results allowed us to propose a mechanism for the cleaving off of nucleotides and to determine the rate of the catalytic stage of the process. It was found that dissociation of a reaction product from the enzyme active site is not a rate–limiting step in the enzymatic reaction. We determined an influence of the nature of the 3′–terminal nucleotide that can be cleaved off on the course of the enzymatic reaction. Finally, it was found that the efficiency of the enzymatic reaction is context–specific.

Язык оригиналаанглийский
Номер статьи14404
ЖурналInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Том23
Номер выпуска22
DOI
СостояниеОпубликовано - нояб. 2022

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