We demonstrated the influence of liquid additives on the rate and selectivity of mechano-chemical fluorination of aromatic and 1,3-dicarbonyl compounds with F-TEDA-BF4. Substoichio-metric catalytic quantities of ionic liquids speed up the reaction. We proposed an improved protocol for ionic liquids-assisted fluorination that allows easy and efficient isolation of fluorinated products by vacuum sublimation. A careful choice of additive results in high yields of fluorinated products and low E-factor for the overall process. Here, we report a benchmarking study of various ionic liquids in comparison with representative molecular solvents. A lower viscosity of ionic liquid additive is typically associated with higher yields and a higher degree of difluorination. Ionic liquids with fluorous anions (triflate and triflimide) are shown to be the most efficient catalysts for ionic liquid-assisted grinding.
Предметные области OECD FOS+WOS
- 1.04 ХИМИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ