The vertical distribution of the hydrological characteristics in the upper ocean layer is mostly formed under the influence of turbulent and convective mixing, which are not resolved in the system of equations for large-scale ocean. Therefore it is necessary to include additional parameterizations of these processes into the numerical models. In this paper we carry out a comparative analysis of the different vertical mixing parameterizations in simulations of climatic variability of the Arctic water and sea ice circulation. The 3D regional numerical model for the Arctic and North Atlantic developed in the ICMMG SB RAS (Institute of Computational Mathematics and Mathematical Geophysics of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Science) and package GOTM (General Ocean Turbulence Model1,2, http://www.gotm.net/) were used as the numerical instruments. NCEP/NCAR reanalysis data were used for determination of the surface fluxes related to ice and ocean. The next turbulence closure schemes were used for the vertical mixing parameterizations: 1) Integration scheme based on the Richardson criteria (RI); 2) Second-order scheme TKE with coefficients Canuto-A3 (CANUTO); 3) First-order scheme TKE with coefficients Schumann and Gerz4 (TKE-1); 4) Scheme KPP5 (KPP). In addition we investigated some important characteristics of the Arctic Ocean state including the intensity of Atlantic water inflow, ice cover state and fresh water content in Beaufort Sea.