In Vitro Model of Suppression of the Alloantigen Response by Tolerogenic Dendritic Cells Transfected with Personalized DNA Constructs Encoding HLA Epitopes

Julia A. Shevchenko, Julia A. Lopatnikova, Julia N. Khantakova, Alexander N. Silkov, Maria S. Kuznetsova, Vasiliy V. Kurilin, Amir Z. Maksyutov, Sergey V. Sennikov

    Результат исследования: Научные публикации в периодических изданияхстатьярецензирование

    Аннотация

    Background: A search for efficient graft rejection modulation techniques for the promotion of durable engraftment remains to be a matter of close study all over the world. Despite the variety of immunosuppressive drugs, the schemes currently used show a lack of selectivity and have a number of side effects. Here we investigated an approach for the induction of antigen-specific tolerance in a human “stimulator-responder” model in vitro, using dendritic cells (DCs) transfected with designed DNA constructs encoding the stimulator's major histocompatibility complex (MHC) epitopes. Methods: The object of the study is peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from 10 healthy donors. To induce antigen-specific tolerance, personalized DNA constructs were created for five responder-stimulator pairs, based on the sequences of donors' and recipients' MHCs. DNA sequencing was performed to select epitopes for incorporation into genetic constructs. A mixed lymphocyte culture assay was used (i) to assess the proliferative response in both directions for all possible stimulator-responder pairs (90 reactions) and (ii) to assess the tolerogenic properties of the generated transfected DCs (5 reactions). Results: A significant increase in the amounts of FoxP3+ CD4+CD25+ cells and in IL-10 production was shown in culture of donor mononuclear cells after co-cultivation with the responder's dendritic cells transfected with donor-specific plasmids. The tolerogenic cultures generated using tolerogenic DCs transfected with MHC epitopes had a significantly greater ability to inhibit the proliferation of autologous MNCs in response to an allogeneic MHC stimulus. Conclusions: The produced DCs transfected with DNA constructs against HLA stimulating epitopes exhibited tolerogenic properties and may be used to develop antigen-specific tolerance. Thus, we proposed a perspective approach to the induction of antigen-specific tolerance, which should subsequently be studied for use in clinical practice.

    Язык оригиналаанглийский
    Номер статьи170
    ЖурналFrontiers in Bioscience - Landmark
    Том27
    Номер выпуска6
    DOI
    СостояниеОпубликовано - июн 2022

    Предметные области OECD FOS+WOS

    • 3.01.NI ИММУНОЛОГИЯ
    • 1.06 БИОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ

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