We studied the effects of lithium carbonate on the cell cycle, apoptosis, and autophagy in hepatocellular carcinoma-29 cells (HCC-29) in vitro. Flow cytofluorometry analysis revealed accumulation of G2/M-phase HCC-29 cells and increase in the number of apoptotic cells in 48 h after administration of 5 mM lithium carbonate. Induction of autophagy in HCC-29 cells was detected by transmission electron microscopy and immunofluorescence staining. Thus, lithium carbonate produces an antitumor effect by arresting cell cycle in the G2/M-phase and induction of apoptosis and autophagy in HCC-29 cells, which confirms the lithium potential as a promising drug for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma.
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- 3.01.QA МЕДИЦИНА, ИССЛЕДОВАТЕЛЬСКАЯ И ЭКСПЕРИМЕНТАЛЬНАЯ