The understanding of biological and molecular mechanisms providing survival of cells under extreme temperatures and pressures will help to answer fundamental questions related to the origin of life and to design of biotechnologically important enzymes with new properties. Here, we analyze amino acid sequences of the Nip7 proteins from 35 archaeal species to identify positions containing mutations specific to the hydrostatic pressure and temperature of organism's habitat. The number of such positions related to pressure change is much lower than related to temperature change. The results suggest that adaptation to temperature changes of the Nip7 protein cause more pronounced modifications in sequence and structure, than to the pressure changes. Structural analysis of residues at these positions demonstrated their involvement in salt-bridge formation, which may reflect the importance of protein structure stabilization by salt-bridges at extreme environmental conditions.
|Журнал||Journal of Bioinformatics and Computational Biology|
|Состояние||Опубликовано - 1 апр. 2017|