The composition of saturated and aromatic hydrocarbons and the structural-group characteristics of resins and asphaltenes in four oils of northern West Siberia have been studied. As follows from the distribution of hydrocarbons, the Cenomanian oils (pools in the beds PK and K2c) of the Russkoe, Barsukovskoe, and Pangodinskoe fields are naphthenic and the Pangodinskoe oil sample from the Lower Cretaceous pool (bed BN9) is methanoic. The hydrocarbon composition pattern of the saturated fraction and the characteristics of the heterocyclic components of these oils point to their formation from dispersed organic matter of mixed genesis in the oil window. Hence, the oil source rocks are localized at depths much greater than the present-day level of the oil pools. Secondary (cryptohypergene) alterations (oxidation and biodegradation) in the shallow-depth oils determined their current predominantly naphthenic composition and considerably hamper reconstruction of the types of initial dispersed organic matter. We assume that the mixed genetic type of the studied oils is not only due to their heterogeneous source but also due to the reorganization of primary oil pools at the Cenozoic stage of tectogenesis. The Cenomanian Russkoe and Pangodinskoe naphthenic oils are saturated with adamantoids, which can be selectively accumulated during biodegradation.