Amplified sequences constitute a large part of mammalian genomes. A chromosome 1 containing 2 large (up to 50 Mb) homogeneously staining regions (HSRs) separated by a small inverted euchromatic region is present in many natural populations of the house mouse (Mus musculus musculus). The HSRs are composed of a long-range repeat cluster, Sp100-rs, with a repeat length of 100 kb. In order to understand the organization and function of HSRs in meiotic chromosomes, we examined synapsis and recombination in male mice hetero- and homozygous for the HSR-carrying chromosome using FISH with an HSR-specific DNA probe and immunolocalization of the key meiotic proteins. In all homozygous and heterozygous pachytene nuclei, we observed fully synapsed linear homomorphic bivalents 1 marked by the HSR FISH probe. The synaptic adjustment in the heterozygotes was bilateral: the HSR-carrying homolog was shortened and the wild-type homolog was elongated. The adjustment was reversible: desynapsis at diplotene was accompanied by elongation of the HSRs. Immunolocalization of H3K9me2/3 indicated that the HSRs in the meiotic chromosome retained the epigenetic modification typical for C-heterochromatin in somatic cells. MLH1 foci, marking mature recombination nodules, were detected in the proximal HSR band in heterozygotes and in both HSR bands of homozygotes. Unequal crossing over within the long-range repeat cluster can cause variation in size of the HSRs, which has been detected in the natural populations of the house mouse.
Предметные области OECD FOS+WOS
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- 1.06.CQ БИОХИМИЯ И МОЛЕКУЛЯРНАЯ БИОЛОГИЯ
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- 1.06 БИОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ