Aim and Objective: We studied the synthesis of new groups of functionalized isobenzofurans and isoindolines by selective gold catalyzed cycloisomerization of some new optically active furandialkynes derived from the natural furanolabdanoid lambertianic acid. Functionalized isobenzofurans and isoindolines are considered as privileged structures that are currently experiencing a renewed interest in medicinal chemistry.
Materials and Methods: Using the AuCl3-catalyzed cycloisomerization of furanolabdanoid dialkynes we synthesized several new groups of biologically interested isobenzofurans and isoindolines with labdanoid substitution. The structure of all new compounds was proven by elemental and spectral analysis: IR, mass-, and NMR data.
Results: The synthesis of 15,16-dialkynyl substituted furanolabdanoids was carried out. Au(III)-Catalyzed cycloisomerization of those compounds proceeded highly selectively with the formation of optically active 4-substituted 7-hydroxy-3(6)-propargylaminomethylisobenzofurans or 7-hydroxy-3(6)-propargyloxymethylisoindolines. The cycloisomerization of the 15-(prop-2-yn-l-yloxymethyl)-16-((N-p-toluenesulfonyl)-prop2-yn-1-ylaminomethyl)labdatriene proceeded in part on the 15 position and involved the previously unknown intramolecular transfer of N-(p-toluenesulfonyl)propargylaminomethyl substituent to the oxygen in the stage of formation of an aromatic ring. A feasible reaction mechanism for this transformation is presented. It was revealed that the conversion of labdanoid furan-15-ynes to 1,3-dihydroisobenzofurans depends on the nature of the substituent in the 16 position of the furanolabdanoid.
Conclusions: The present study sheds light on the Au(III)-catalyzed cycloisomerization of new group of highly functionalized furandialkynes. Also, new groups of alkynyloxymethyl or alkynylaminomethyl substituted optically active isobenzofurans and isoindolines were obtained and fully characterized.