Experimental studies have been carried out on diamond synthesis in Mg-based systems with additions of europium in various charge states, including Eu0, Eu2+, and Eu3+. The experiments were carried out at a pressure of 7.8 GPa and a temperature of 1800 °C. Metallic Eu, Eu-oxalate, Eu-carbonate, Eu2O3, EuCl3, EuF3, and EuF2 were used as additives. The influence of the content of Eu-containing compounds on diamond crystallization and the photoluminescence characteristics of synthesized diamonds was determined. The addition of europium compounds to Mg-based systems in all cases had an integral inhibitory effect on the diamond crystallization process, which manifested in a decrease in the degree of graphite conversion to diamond, a decrease in the diamond growth rate, and the appearance of metastable graphite. It was found that the inhibiting ability of europium compounds decreased in the following sequence: Eu-oxalate > Eu-carbonate > EuCl3 > Eu2O3 > metallic Eu > EuF3 > EuF2. Spectroscopic studies of the synthesized diamonds revealed a new defect center manifesting in photoluminescence as an optical system with a zero-phonon line structure at 502 nm. The center was tentatively assigned to defects involving Eu impurities and the main factors controlling the formation of the 520 nm center were determined.
Предметные области OECD FOS+WOS
- 2.05 ТЕХНОЛОГИЯ МАТЕРИАЛОВ
- 1.04 ХИМИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ