Graphite and diamond formation in the carbide–oxide–carbonate interactions (Experimental modeling under mantle P,T-conditions)

Yuliya Bataleva, Yuri Palyanov, Yuri Borzdov, Ivan Novoselov, Oleg Bayukov

Результат исследования: Научные публикации в периодических изданияхстатьярецензирование

2 Цитирования (Scopus)


Experimental modeling of the formation of graphite and diamond as a result of carbide–fluid interactions was performed in the Fe3C–SiO2–Al2O3–(Mg,Ca)CO3 systems at 6.3 and 7.5 GPa and 1100–1650C. In the experiments with ƒO2-gradient (7.5 GPa, 1250–1350C), graphite + magnesiowüstite + garnet ± cohenite assemblage was formed. Graphite was produced through the redox interactions of carbide with carbonate or CO2 (reducing conditions), and redox reactions of magnesiowüstite and CO2 (oxidizing conditions). At 1450–1650C, crystallization of graphite, garnet, magnesiowüstite and ferrospinel, as well as generation of Fe2+,3+-rich carbonate–silicate melt occurred. This melt, saturated with carbon, acted as a medium of graphite crystallization and diamond growth on seeds. In the experiments without ƒO2-gradient (6.3 GPa), decarbonation reactions with the formation of CO2-fluid and Fe,Mg,Ca-silicates, as well as C0-producing redox reactions of CO2-fluid with cohenite were simultaneously realized. As a result, graphite (± diamond growth) was formed in assemblage with Fe2+,Fe3+,Mg-silicates and magnetite (1100–1200C), or with Fe3+-rich garnet and orthopyroxene (1300–1500C). It has been established that a potential mechanism for the crystallization of graphite or diamond growth is the oxidation of cohenite by CO2-fluid to FeO and Fe3O4, accompanied by the extraction of carbon from Fe3C and the corresponding reduction of CO2 to C0 .

Язык оригиналаанглийский
Номер статьи522
Число страниц19
Номер выпуска11
СостояниеОпубликовано - 21 ноя 2018


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