Poly(ADP‐ribose) polymerase 2 (PARP2) participates in base excision repair (BER) along-side PARP1, but its functions are still under study. Here, we characterize binding affinities of PARP2 for other BER proteins (PARP1, APE1, Polβ, and XRCC1) and oligomerization states of the homo-and hetero‐associated complexes using fluorescence‐based and light scattering techniques. To com-pare PARP2 and PARP1 in the efficiency of PAR synthesis, in the absence and presence of protein partners, the size of PARP2 PARylated in various reaction conditions was measured. Unlike PARP1, PARP2 forms more dynamic complexes with common protein partners, and their stability is effectively modulated by DNA intermediates. Apparent binding affinity constants determined for homo-and hetero‐oligomerized PARP1 and PARP2 provide evidence that the major form of PARP2 at ex-cessive PARP1 level is their heterocomplex. Autoregulation of PAR elongation at high PARP and NAD+ concentrations is stronger for PARP2 than for PARP1, and the activity of PARP2 is more effectively inhibited by XRCC1. Moreover, the activity of both PARP1 and PARP2 is suppressed upon their heteroPARylation. Taken together, our findings suggest that PARP2 can function differ-ently in BER, promoting XRCC1‐dependent repair (similarly to PARP1) or an alternative XRCC1‐ independent mechanism via hetero‐oligomerization with PARP1.
Предметные области OECD FOS+WOS
- 1.02 КОМПЬЮТЕРНЫЕ И ИНФОРМАЦИОННЫЕ НАУКИ
- 1.04 ХИМИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ
- 2.04 ХИМИЧЕСКИЕ ТЕХНОЛОГИИ
- 1.06 БИОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ