Fluorescently labeled human apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease APE1 reveals effects of DNA polymerase β on the APE1-DNA interaction

Artemiy S Bakman, Aleksandra A Kuznetsova, Lyudmila V Yanshole, Alexander A Ishchenko, Murat Saparbaev, Olga S Fedorova, Nikita A Kuznetsov

Результат исследования: Научные публикации в периодических изданияхстатьярецензирование


The base excision repair (BER) pathway involves sequential action of DNA glycosylases and apurinic/apyrimidinic (AP) endonucleases to incise damaged DNA and prepare DNA termini for incorporation of a correct nucleotide by DNA polymerases. It has been suggested that the enzymatic steps in BER include recognition of a product-enzyme complex by the next enzyme in the pathway, resulting in the "passing-the-baton" model of transfer of DNA intermediates between enzymes. To verify this model, in this work, we aimed to create a suitable experimental system. We prepared APE1 site-specifically labeled with a fluorescent reporter that is sensitive to stages of APE1-DNA binding, of formation of the catalytic complex, and of subsequent dissociation of the enzyme-product complex. Interactions of the labeled APE1 with various model DNA substrates (containing an abasic site) of varied lengths revealed that the enzyme remains mostly in complex with the DNA product. By means of the fluorescently labeled APE1 in combination with a stopped-flow fluorescence assay, it was found that Polβ stimulates both i) APE1 binding to an abasic-site-containing DNA duplex with the formation of a catalytically competent complex and ii) the dissociation of APE1 from its product. These findings confirm DNA-mediated coordination of APE1 and Polβ activities and suggest that Polβ is the key trigger of the DNA transfer between the enzymes participating in initial steps of BER.

Язык оригиналаанглийский
Номер статьи103450
Число страниц12
ЖурналDNA Repair
Ранняя дата в режиме онлайн13 янв. 2023
СостояниеОпубликовано - мар. 2023

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